Acharya Mamidipudi Venkatarangaiya’s autobiography Marutunna Samaajam – Na Gnapakaalu, written in Telugu, is a significant document reflecting on eventful nine decades in India’s history. Venkatarangaiya bears witness to a society in transition and offers astute commentary on the state of India’s politics and history. He was a towering luminary of his generation and was awarded the Padma Bhushan in 1968. His contribution to society, especially in the field of education was exemplary. A new translation of this work into English by his grandson Venkata Ramana Alladi will be important for the present generation to learn how the early and mid 20th century society transformed at the confluence of tradition and modernity.